Polish contribution to InSight Mission - fact sheet

HP3 (Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package) is one of the three main instruments that the InSight mission took onboard. The instrument which will take Mars' temperature was designed and integrated by DLR (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt) or German Aerospace Center.

The “Mole” is a part of HP3 instrument. It is a sophisticated penetrator which hammers itself under the Martian soil.

Astronika was responsible for the design and integration of the mechanical heart of the “Mole” – its Hammering Mechanism, which allows the “Mole” to burrow down 16 feet below the Martian surface.

CBK PAN (Centrum Badań Kosmicznych Polskiej Akademii Nauk) or Space Research Center Polish Academy of Sciences’ was responsible for manufacturing of most of the parts of hammering mechanism. 


Other contributors

As coordinator of the development process of “Mole’s” Hammering Mechanism, Astronika has engaged several other Polish entities:

    • Instytut Lotnictwa or Institute of Aviation –computer tomography (X-ray),
    • Instytut Spawalnictwa or Welding Institute – welding of the titanium elements,
    • Politechnika Warszawska or Warsaw University of Technology – plasma nitriding,
    • Politechnika Łódzka or Lodz University of Technology – applying molybdenum disulphide,
    • Towes – springs manufacturing.