Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.
DLR is the national aeronautics and space research centre of the Federal Republic of Germany. Its extensive research and development work in aeronautics, space, energy, transport and security is integrated into national and international cooperative ventures. In addition to its own research, as Germany’s space agency, DLR has been given responsibility by the federal government for the planning and implementation of the German space programme. DLR is also the umbrella organisation for the nation’s largest project execution organisation.
DLR's mission comprises the exploration of Earth and the Solar System and research for environmental protection. This includes the development of environment-friendly technologies for energy supply and future mobility, as well as for communications and security. DLR's research portfolio ranges from fundamental research to the development of products for tomorrow. In this way, DLR contributes the acquired scientific and technical expertise to the enhancement of Germany as a location for industry and technology. DLR operates major research facilities for its own projects and as a service for clients and partners. It also fosters the development of the next generation of researchers, provides expert advisory services to the government and is a driving force in the regions where its facilities are located.
DLR has approximately 7,400 employees in 16 locations in Germany: Cologne (headquarters), Augsburg, Berlin, Bonn, Braunschweig, Bremen, Goettingen, Hamburg, Juelich, Lampoldshausen, Neustrelitz, Oberpfaffenhofen, Stade, Stuttgart, Trauen, and Weilheim. DLR also has offices in Brussels, Paris, Tokyo and Washington D.C.
European Space Agency
The European Space Agency (ESA) is an intergovernmental organisation dedicated to the exploration of space. Established in 1975 it comprises of 20 member states (Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom) and five cooperating states (Canada, Hungary, Estonia, Latvia and Slovenia).
The ESA mission is to shape the development of Europe’s space capability and ensure that investment in space continues to deliver benefits to the citizens of Europe and the world. By coordinating the financial and intellectual resources of its members, it can undertake programmes and activities far beyond the scope of any single European country. ESA’s job is to draw up the European space programme and carry it through. ESA's programmes are designed to find out more about Earth, its immediate space environment, our Solar System and the universe, as well as to develop satellite-based technologies and services, and to promote European industries. ESA also works closely with space organisations outside Europe.
ESA's headquarters are in Paris, which is where policies and programmes are decided. ESA also has sites in a number of European countries, each of which has different responsibilities: EAC, the European Astronauts Centre in Cologne, Germany; ESAC, the European Space Astronomy Centre, in Villanueva de la Canada, Madrid, Spain; ESOC, the European Space Operations Centre, Darmstadt, Germany; ESRIN, the ESA centre for Earth Observation, in Frascati, near Rome, Italy; ESTEC, the European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, the Netherlands; ECSAT, the European Centre for Space Applications and Telecommunications, Harwell, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom; ESA Redu Centre, Belgium. Finally, the Agency has liaison offices in Belgium, USA and Russia, a launch base in French Guiana and ground/tracking stations in various parts of the world.
ESA has staff of more than 2,000 with an annual budget of about €4.28 billion / US$5.51 billion (2013).
Astri Polska is a joint venture of ASTRIUM, the biggest European space industry company, and the Space Research Centre of the Polish Academy of Science, a major Polish research institute. The Warsaw-based enterprise is involved in research and development in the satellite & space industry. The company specializes in executing projects in electronics, optoelectronics, GNSS, satellite observations, telecommunication, material science and robotics.
Airbus Defence & Space
Airbus Defence and Space is a division of Airbus Group formed by combining the business activities of Cassidian, Astrium and Airbus Military. The new division is Europe’s number one defence and space enterprise, the second largest space business worldwide and among the top ten global defence enterprises. It employs some 40,000 employees generating revenues of approximately €14 billion per year.
Centrum Badań Kosmicznych PAN
CBK PAN (Space Research Centre of the Polish Academy of Sciences) was established in 1977. Since then it has been conducting pure and applied studies based on space experiments in the field of space physics and Solar System research, and physical and geodesic studies of planets and the Earth. Since its foundation researchers and engineers have participated in over 50 space missions constructing over 70 unique instruments. Since 1991, the Centre has cooperated with the European Space Agency and has been participating in its missions by designing and constructing instruments for space missions, all of which meet the requirements and standards imposed by the ESA, CNES or NASA. In addition to constructing instruments for the missions, CBK PAN is also developing new space technologies in areas such as FPGA systems, Fourier spectrometers, spectral imaging systems, planetary penetrometers, ultra-light manipulators, sample return subsystems, antennas and tribology. CBK PAN is also involved in: developing satellite applications for land surface monitoring and conducting satellite observations of border areas of the European Union, using satellite navigation and Earth observation in emergency situations, creating integrated space applications, and participating in the European Space Situational Awareness program.
Gutronic is a micro-enterprise that was established in Warsaw in 1984. For the last 30 years, it has been involved in a number of projects, mainly in the field of avionics and the military support system and has developed i.a. the following equipment: 10kW magnetic field generator for the Warsaw University of Technology and the Military University of Technology in Warsaw (three subsystems: water cooling, electrical resistivity, magnetic field), digitizer for the Polish Air Force Institute of Technology, and a wide range of measurement equipment. In 2012 the company received an ESA PECS contract for the “Development of technology and dedicated equipment for producing miniature tubular booms”.
Leonardo S.p.A., formerly Leonardo-Finmeccanica and Finmeccanica, is an Italian multinational aerospace, defence and security company headquartered in Rome in Italy and with operations worldwide.On 1 January 2016, Leonardo-Finmeccanica became a single industrial company by integrating the activities of its subsidiaries AgustaWestland, Alenia Aermacchi, Selex ES, Oto Melara and WASS.